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WHAT IS SOARING
Forces on a Sailplane
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The Art of Soaring is the science of using energy from air currents to lift and sustain the sailplane aloft. Today's sailplane is the result of constant research and studiessince the beginning of manned flight (first airplanes were gliders).Pilot skill and sailplane shape combined extract the energy neededfrom the surrounding environment (air) for sustained flight and for propulsion.
The sailplane is quite possibly the most aero-dynamic machine ever built.

thermals1

Parts of a Sailplane:

A sailplane, or glider as they are also known as, is an engine-less aircraft. A sailplane has all the same control surfaces (ailerons, elevator, rudder, flaps, spoilers/airbrakes), and similar instruments to those of a conventional powered aircraft, but uses gravity as its source of power.

theglider